What is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede the growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.

If you are concerned that your child may have characteristics of dyslexia, please contact your child's school to determine next steps.

Characteristics of Dyslexia

Underlying Cause: Deficit in the phonological processing (Phonological awareness, phonological
memory, and\or rapid naming)
Characteristics:

  • Difficulty reading real words in isolation

  • Difficulty accurately decoding nonsense or unfamiliar words

  • Difficulty reading fluency (rate, accuracy, labored)

  • Difficulty spelling

Outcomes:

  • Difficulty with reading comprehension

  • Reduced reading experience that limits vocabulary and background knowledge

Act 1039 Reporting by the School District (Ark. Code Ann. § 6-41-606 (b))

Dyslexia Intervention program Information

Farmington School District utilizes the following programs for dyslexia interventions during the 2021-2022 school year. Various teachers and para-professionals are trained in the programs listed below.

  • Barton Reading & Spelling System

  • Phonics First

  • 95% Group

  • Heggerty

  • Sounds Sensible

  • Take Flight: A Comprehensive Intervention for Students with Dyslexia

Total Number of Students Identified as Exhibiting the Characteristics of Dyslexia

  • During the 2020-2021 school year, 177 students attending Farmington School District were identified as exhibiting the characteristics of dyslexia.

  • During the 2019-2020 school year, 303 students attending Farmington School District were identified as exhibiting the characteristics of dyslexia.

  • During the 2018-2019 school year, 283 students attending Farmington School District were identified as exhibiting the characteristics of dyslexia.

Total Number of Students Who Received Dyslexia Intervention

  • During the 2020-2021 school year, 173 students attending Farmington School District received dyslexia intervention services from a trained interventionist.

For additional information, please contact:

Joe McClung, Assistant Superintendent

jmcclung@farmcards.org

479-266-1800